Dr. Klaus Ebermann Gives Lectures at IES
From 21st March to 6th April 2011, the former EU Ambassador to
In the first lecture of “EU Today”, the Ambassador went back to the history of European integration firstly. There were many crucial steps in this history, such as the establishment of the European Coal and Steal Community and
In the lecture of “European External Relations”, the Ambassador stressed that the Neighbourhood Policy was the priority in EU’s external relations, the objective of which was to keep a zone of peace, stability and prosperity. The EU took different policies to south neighbouring countries and east ones since these two regions had their own characteristics geographically and historically. From Barcelona Process in 1995 to the Union for the Mediterranean in 2008, the EU were expecting to reinforce the partnership with mediterranean countries, but the Middle east and immigration issues would remain the challeges for future cooperaions.
In the lecture of “EU-China relations”, after looking back to the history of 36 years of China-EU relations, the Ambassador pointed out that the relations today has gone to a new stage and has been deepened in many areas. But trade and sectors of economy alone do not make up a strategic relationship. China and the EU should cooperate more on politics, security, and world affairs. Sometimes China over-estimates EU potential for delivery, and bilateral relations between China and EU Member States in some area are still quite important. Comprehensive relationships rely on mutual undrestanding, trust and respect. Both EU and China should seek for new common ground and be aware of the limits of military power and nation states, and be patient, tolerant and fair with each other.
In the lecture of “EU’s security policy”, the Ambassador emphasized that the EU had a large framework for security policy, and other policies such as defense policy, energy policy, development policy were all in the framework. Additionally, the Ambassador analyzed the obstacles the European External Action Service (EEAS) may face. Firstly, the mandate of the EEAS is quite limited. Secondly, it’s not clear that whether the EEAS could speak in one voice. Thirdly, competences reflected in Delegations would need to be split. Fourthly, the relations between European Commision and the Council is not easy. Fifthly, it is difficult to coordinate 1643 staff from different administrative cultures. All in all, it still takes time for the operation of the EEAS.
In the lecture of “the impact of internal policies on external affairs”, the Ambassador explained that many internal policies may have influence on EU’s external relations. After the comparison between Lisbon Agenda and Europe 2020, the Ambassador indicated that the debate on the economic governance would help to create awareness that the EU’s facing lots of challenges, including aging, shrinking of population, sub-optimal competitiveness and innovation, globalisation. Europe 2020 should take on heavy responsibilities.
In the lecture of “Euro and financial crisis”, the Ambassador mentioned that as the EU is
During the lectures, the Ambassador also had vivid discussions with the faculty and students in IES. Participants debated on so many issues, such as
Ambassador Klaus Ebermann has plentiful political experience. He’s started his career in European Commission since 1974. He held the position of Ambassador and Head of EC-Delegation to
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